At English42, we love adjectives – words which we use to describe things. We also know that adjectives are important for using comparatives in English. This is when we say some places are bigger than others, or some countries are colder than others. Using comparatives in English is what we’ll study today.

Adjectives & Comparatives in English

Let’s return to adjectives first. On our Facebook page we talk about adjectives, from the very basic lessons…

…to the more difficult lessons…

Today, we’ll learn a very important lesson for Pre-Intermediate and Intermediate students: comparatives. What are they, and how do we use them?

(If you’d like to try more difficult adjective-related English exercises try our post on adjectives in fashion and our post on adjectives and Cambridge exams.)
To get ready for this lesson & exercise, why not try our basic Adjectives Quiz?

What are comparatives?

Comparatives are adjectives which describe how 2 things are different. Today, we’ll talk about countries and places around the world. So, let’s think of rivers. Two famous rivers are the Amazon and the Nile.


The Amazon is 6,437km.
So we can use the adjective “long” to describe it: “The Amazon is long.” (or “The Amazon is a long river.”)

The Nile is 6,853km.
So, again, we can use the adjective “long” to describe it: “The Nile is long.” (or “The Nile is a long river.”)


We use a comparative to talk about how 2 things are different. So, we can use a comparative to talk about the Amazon and the Nile (2 rivers). Here’s the sentence:

“The Amazon is longer than the Nile.” 

How do we make comparatives in English?

That’s a good question. You probably know the answer – if you don’t, look at the sentence about the Amazon and the Nile.

Anyway, here we will test and teach you on comparatives. Scroll down to try out the comparatives quiz!

Related posts @ English42
Look at the pictures and try to complete each sentence by typing the missing word(s).
After each question, we’ll give you a little information on how to make comparatives.

Complete the sentences which describe each picture.